Treatment for Gum Disease
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, affects as many as one-half of all American adults. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two main types of gum disease. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, which can lead to periodontitis in the advanced stages. Gum disease is not often accompanied by pain or swelling in the early stages, which makes it difficult to detect without a comprehensive exam.
When detected early with general dentistry, gingivitis is treatable and the effects can be reversed. Treatment options include a professional cleaning and treatment regimen by your dental team, in combination with your own routine home oral care.
Much of the impact of gum disease occurs below the gum line, so the effects may occur before you can identify the onset of gingivitis. Patients are often not aware of the presence of gum disease until physical symptoms become pronounced.
Symptoms and Causes of Gum Disease
Common symptoms of gingivitis include redness, inflammation, and bleeding of the gums from normal brushing or flossing, or under light pressure. Bad breath and sensitivity to hot or cold are also common symptoms of gum disease. As the disease progresses, the gums begin to recede from the teeth, creating voids where bacteria can form. Pockets in the gums begin to form where food particles can lodge, increasing the risk of infection.
Left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. Tooth loss may occur as teeth loosen due to reduced support from the surrounding gums and the effects of decay on the bone tissue. Abscesses result, where pus forms, causing pain and increased swelling.
Regular brushing and flossing in conjunction with professional cleanings and exams are essential to the prevention of gum disease. Contact Lakewood Dental Trails today to schedule a teeth cleaning and an exam with us to prevent gum disease before it can begin.